DACov: A Deeper Analysis of Data Augmentation on the Computed Tomography Segmentation Problem

10 Mar 2023  ·  Bruno A. Krinski, Daniel V. Ruiz, Rayson Laroca, Eduardo Todt ·

Due to the COVID-19 global pandemic, computer-assisted diagnoses of medical images have gained much attention, and robust methods of semantic segmentation of Computed Tomography (CT) images have become highly desirable. In this work, we present a deeper analysis of how data augmentation techniques improve segmentation performance on this problem. We evaluate 20 traditional augmentation techniques on five public datasets. Six different probabilities of applying each augmentation technique on an image were evaluated. We also assess a different training methodology where the training subsets are combined into a single larger set. All networks were evaluated through a 5-fold cross-validation strategy, resulting in over 4,600 experiments. We also propose a novel data augmentation technique based on Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) to create new healthy and unhealthy lung CT images, evaluating four variations of our approach with the same six probabilities of the traditional methods. Our findings show that GAN-based techniques and spatial-level transformations are the most promising for improving the learning of deep models on this problem, with the StarGANv2 + F with a probability of 0.3 achieving the highest F-score value on the Ricord1a dataset in the unified training strategy. Our code is publicly available at https://github.com/VRI-UFPR/DACov2022

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