Evaluation of Deep Convolutional Generative Adversarial Networks for data augmentation of chest X-ray images

2 Sep 2020  ·  Sagar Kora Venu ·

Medical image datasets are usually imbalanced, due to the high costs of obtaining the data and time-consuming annotations. Training deep neural network models on such datasets to accurately classify the medical condition does not yield desired results and often over-fits the data on majority class samples. In order to address this issue, data augmentation is often performed on training data by position augmentation techniques such as scaling, cropping, flipping, padding, rotation, translation, affine transformation, and color augmentation techniques such as brightness, contrast, saturation, and hue to increase the dataset sizes. These augmentation techniques are not guaranteed to be advantageous in domains with limited data, especially medical image data, and could lead to further overfitting. In this work, we performed data augmentation on the Chest X-rays dataset through generative modeling (deep convolutional generative adversarial network) which creates artificial instances retaining similar characteristics to the original data and evaluation of the model resulted in Fr\'echet Distance of Inception (FID) score of 1.289.

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Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Benchmark
Medical Image Generation Chest X-Ray Images (Pneumonia) DCGAN Frechet Inception Distance 1.289 # 1