Geometric Learning-Based Transformer Network for Estimation of Segmentation Errors

9 Aug 2023  ·  Sneha Sree C, Mohammad Al Fahim, Keerthi Ram, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam ·

Many segmentation networks have been proposed for 3D volumetric segmentation of tumors and organs at risk. Hospitals and clinical institutions seek to accelerate and minimize the efforts of specialists in image segmentation. Still, in case of errors generated by these networks, clinicians would have to manually edit the generated segmentation maps. Given a 3D volume and its putative segmentation map, we propose an approach to identify and measure erroneous regions in the segmentation map. Our method can estimate error at any point or node in a 3D mesh generated from a possibly erroneous volumetric segmentation map, serving as a Quality Assurance tool. We propose a graph neural network-based transformer based on the Nodeformer architecture to measure and classify the segmentation errors at any point. We have evaluated our network on a high-resolution micro-CT dataset of the human inner-ear bony labyrinth structure by simulating erroneous 3D segmentation maps. Our network incorporates a convolutional encoder to compute node-centric features from the input micro-CT data, the Nodeformer to learn the latent graph embeddings, and a Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) to compute and classify the node-wise errors. Our network achieves a mean absolute error of ~0.042 over other Graph Neural Networks (GNN) and an accuracy of 79.53% over other GNNs in estimating and classifying the node-wise errors, respectively. We also put forth vertex-normal prediction as a custom pretext task for pre-training the CNN encoder to improve the network's overall performance. Qualitative analysis shows the efficiency of our network in correctly classifying errors and reducing misclassifications.

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