Improving Unsupervised Video Object Segmentation with Motion-Appearance Synergy

17 Dec 2022  ·  Long Lian, Zhirong Wu, Stella X. Yu ·

We present IMAS, a method that segments the primary objects in videos without manual annotation in training or inference. Previous methods in unsupervised video object segmentation (UVOS) have demonstrated the effectiveness of motion as either input or supervision for segmentation. However, motion signals may be uninformative or even misleading in cases such as deformable objects and objects with reflections, causing unsatisfactory segmentation. In contrast, IMAS achieves Improved UVOS with Motion-Appearance Synergy. Our method has two training stages: 1) a motion-supervised object discovery stage that deals with motion-appearance conflicts through a learnable residual pathway; 2) a refinement stage with both low- and high-level appearance supervision to correct model misconceptions learned from misleading motion cues. Additionally, we propose motion-semantic alignment as a model-agnostic annotation-free hyperparam tuning method. We demonstrate its effectiveness in tuning critical hyperparams previously tuned with human annotation or hand-crafted hyperparam-specific metrics. IMAS greatly improves the segmentation quality on several common UVOS benchmarks. For example, we surpass previous methods by 8.3% on DAVIS16 benchmark with only standard ResNet and convolutional heads. We intend to release our code for future research and applications.

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