Interpretable Embedding for Ad-hoc Video Search

19 Feb 2024  ·  Jiaxin Wu, Chong-Wah Ngo ·

Answering query with semantic concepts has long been the mainstream approach for video search. Until recently, its performance is surpassed by concept-free approach, which embeds queries in a joint space as videos. Nevertheless, the embedded features as well as search results are not interpretable, hindering subsequent steps in video browsing and query reformulation. This paper integrates feature embedding and concept interpretation into a neural network for unified dual-task learning. In this way, an embedding is associated with a list of semantic concepts as an interpretation of video content. This paper empirically demonstrates that, by using either the embedding features or concepts, considerable search improvement is attainable on TRECVid benchmarked datasets. Concepts are not only effective in pruning false positive videos, but also highly complementary to concept-free search, leading to large margin of improvement compared to state-of-the-art approaches.

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