Seq2Emo for Multi-label Emotion Classification Based on Latent Variable Chains Transformation

6 Nov 2019  ·  Chenyang Huang, Amine Trabelsi, Xuebin Qin, Nawshad Farruque, Osmar R. Zaïane ·

Emotion detection in text is an important task in NLP and is essential in many applications. Most of the existing methods treat this task as a problem of single-label multi-class text classification. To predict multiple emotions for one instance, most of the existing works regard it as a general Multi-label Classification (MLC) problem, where they usually either apply a manually determined threshold on the last output layer of their neural network models or train multiple binary classifiers and make predictions in the fashion of one-vs-all. However, compared to labels in the general MLC datasets, the number of emotion categories are much fewer (less than 10). Additionally, emotions tend to have more correlations with each other. For example, the human usually does not express "joy" and "anger" at the same time, but it is very likely to have "joy" and "love" expressed together. Given this intuition, in this paper, we propose a Latent Variable Chain (LVC) transformation and a tailored model -- Seq2Emo model that not only naturally predicts multiple emotion labels but also takes into consideration their correlations. We perform the experiments on the existing multi-label emotion datasets as well as on our newly collected datasets. The results show that our model compares favorably with existing state-of-the-art methods.

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