Towards Food Image Retrieval via Generalization-oriented Sampling and Loss Function Design

Food computing has increasingly received widespread attention in the multimedia field. As a basic task of food computing, food image retrieval has wide applications, that is, food image retrieval can help users to find the desired food from a large number of food images. Besides, the retrieved information can be applied to establish a richer database for the subsequent food content-related recommendation. Food image retrieval aims to achieve better performance on novel categories. Thus, it is worth studying to transfer the embedding ability from the training set to the unseen test set, that is, the generalization of the model. Food is influenced by various factors, such as culture and geography, leading to great differences between domains, such as Asian food and western food. Therefore, it is challenging to study the generalization of the model in food image retrieval. In this article, we improve the classical metric learning framework and propose a generalization-oriented sampling strategy, which boosts the generalization of the model by maximizing the intra-class distance from a proportion of positive pairs to avoid the excessive distance compression in the embedding space. Considering that the existing optimization process is in an opposite direction to our proposed sampling strategy, we further propose an adaptive gradient assignment policy named gradient-adaptive optimization, which can alleviate the intra-class distance compression during optimization by assigning different gradients to different samples. Extensive evaluation on three popular food image datasets demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed method. We also experiment on three popular general datasets to prove that solving the problem from the generalization can also improve the performance of general image retrieval.



  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.


No methods listed for this paper. Add relevant methods here