MLQA (MultiLingual Question Answering) is a benchmark dataset for evaluating cross-lingual question answering performance. MLQA consists of over 5K extractive QA instances (12K in English) in SQuAD format in seven languages - English, Arabic, German, Spanish, Hindi, Vietnamese and Simplified Chinese. MLQA is highly parallel, with QA instances parallel between 4 different languages on average.
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TyDi QA is a question answering dataset covering 11 typologically diverse languages with 200K question-answer pairs. The languages of TyDi QA are diverse with regard to their typology — the set of linguistic features that each language expresses — such that the authors expect models performing well on this set to generalize across a large number of the languages in the world.
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PAWS-X contains 23,659 human translated PAWS evaluation pairs and 296,406 machine translated training pairs in six typologically distinct languages: French, Spanish, German, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. All translated pairs are sourced from examples in PAWS-Wiki.
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This corpus comprises of monolingual data for 100+ languages and also includes data for romanized languages. This was constructed using the urls and paragraph indices provided by the CC-Net repository by processing January-December 2018 Commoncrawl snapshots. Each file comprises of documents separated by double-newlines and paragraphs within the same document separated by a newline. The data is generated using the open source CC-Net repository.
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The shared task of CoNLL-2002 concerns language-independent named entity recognition. The types of named entities include: persons, locations, organizations and names of miscellaneous entities that do not belong to the previous three groups. The participants of the shared task were offered training and test data for at least two languages. Information sources other than the training data might have been used in this shared task.
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The Tatoeba dataset consists of up to 1,000 English-aligned sentence pairs covering 122 languages.
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TyDiQA is the gold passage version of the Typologically Diverse Question Answering (TyDiWA) dataset, a benchmark for information-seeking question answering, which covers nine languages. The gold passage version is a simplified version of the primary task, which uses only the gold passage as context and excludes unanswerable questions. It is thus similar to XQuAD and MLQA, while being more challenging as questions have been written without seeing the answers, leading to 3× and 2× less lexical overlap compared to XQuAD and MLQA respectively.
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The Cross-lingual Choice of Plausible Alternatives (XCOPA) dataset is a benchmark to evaluate the ability of machine learning models to transfer commonsense reasoning across languages. The dataset is the translation and reannotation of the English COPA (Roemmele et al. 2011) and covers 11 languages from 11 families and several areas around the globe. The dataset is challenging as it requires both the command of world knowledge and the ability to generalise to new languages.
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WikiAnn is a dataset for cross-lingual name tagging and linking based on Wikipedia articles in 295 languages.
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CoVoST is a large-scale multilingual speech-to-text translation corpus. Its latest 2nd version covers translations from 21 languages into English and from English into 15 languages. It has total 2880 hours of speech and is diversified with 78K speakers and 66 accents.
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Japanese-English Subtitle Corpus is a large Japanese-English parallel corpus covering the underrepresented domain of conversational dialogue. It consists of more than 3.2 million examples, making it the largest freely available dataset of its kind. The corpus was assembled by crawling and aligning subtitles found on the web.
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A large multilingual benchmark, XL-WiC, featuring gold standards in 12 new languages from varied language families and with different degrees of resource availability, opening room for evaluation scenarios such as zero-shot cross-lingual transfer.
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Danish Dependency Treebank (DaNE) is a named entity annotation for the Danish Universal Dependencies treebank using the CoNLL-2003 annotation scheme.
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WikiNEuRal is a high-quality automatically-generated dataset for Multilingual Named Entity Recognition.
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esXNLI is a bilingual NLI dataset. It comprises 2,490 examples from 5 different genres that were originally annotated in Spanish, and translated into English by professional translators. It serves as a counterpoint to XNLI, which was originally annotated in English and translated into 14 other languages, including Spanish. The dataset was conceived to be used in conjunction with the XNLI development set to analyse the effect of translation in cross-lingual transfer learning.
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