Object Detection Models

Faster R-CNN is an object detection model that improves on Fast R-CNN by utilising a region proposal network (RPN) with the CNN model. The RPN shares full-image convolutional features with the detection network, enabling nearly cost-free region proposals. It is a fully convolutional network that simultaneously predicts object bounds and objectness scores at each position. The RPN is trained end-to-end to generate high-quality region proposals, which are used by Fast R-CNN for detection. RPN and Fast R-CNN are merged into a single network by sharing their convolutional features: the RPN component tells the unified network where to look.

As a whole, Faster R-CNN consists of two modules. The first module is a deep fully convolutional network that proposes regions, and the second module is the Fast R-CNN detector that uses the proposed regions.

Source: Faster R-CNN: Towards Real-Time Object Detection with Region Proposal Networks


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