DC-UNet: Rethinking the U-Net Architecture with Dual Channel Efficient CNN for Medical Images Segmentation

31 May 2020  ·  Ange Lou, Shuyue Guan, Murray Loew ·

Recently, deep learning has become much more popular in computer vision area. The Convolution Neural Network (CNN) has brought a breakthrough in images segmentation areas, especially, for medical images... In this regard, U-Net is the predominant approach to medical image segmentation task. The U-Net not only performs well in segmenting multimodal medical images generally, but also in some tough cases of them. However, we found that the classical U-Net architecture has limitation in several aspects. Therefore, we applied modifications: 1) designed efficient CNN architecture to replace encoder and decoder, 2) applied residual module to replace skip connection between encoder and decoder to improve based on the-state-of-the-art U-Net model. Following these modifications, we designed a novel architecture--DC-UNet, as a potential successor to the U-Net architecture. We created a new effective CNN architecture and build the DC-UNet based on this CNN. We have evaluated our model on three datasets with tough cases and have obtained a relative improvement in performance of 2.90%, 1.49% and 11.42% respectively compared with classical U-Net. In addition, we used the Tanimoto similarity to replace the Jaccard similarity for gray-to-gray image comparisons. read more

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  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper
Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Benchmark
Medical Image Segmentation ISBI 2012 EM Segmentation DC-UNet Jaccard 0.9262 # 1