HFT: Lifting Perspective Representations via Hybrid Feature Transformation

11 Apr 2022  ·  Jiayu Zou, Junrui Xiao, Zheng Zhu, JunJie Huang, Guan Huang, Dalong Du, Xingang Wang ·

Autonomous driving requires accurate and detailed Bird's Eye View (BEV) semantic segmentation for decision making, which is one of the most challenging tasks for high-level scene perception. Feature transformation from frontal view to BEV is the pivotal technology for BEV semantic segmentation. Existing works can be roughly classified into two categories, i.e., Camera model-Based Feature Transformation (CBFT) and Camera model-Free Feature Transformation (CFFT). In this paper, we empirically analyze the vital differences between CBFT and CFFT. The former transforms features based on the flat-world assumption, which may cause distortion of regions lying above the ground plane. The latter is limited in the segmentation performance due to the absence of geometric priors and time-consuming computation. In order to reap the benefits and avoid the drawbacks of CBFT and CFFT, we propose a novel framework with a Hybrid Feature Transformation module (HFT). Specifically, we decouple the feature maps produced by HFT for estimating the layout of outdoor scenes in BEV. Furthermore, we design a mutual learning scheme to augment hybrid transformation by applying feature mimicking. Notably, extensive experiments demonstrate that with negligible extra overhead, HFT achieves a relative improvement of 13.3% on the Argoverse dataset and 16.8% on the KITTI 3D Object datasets compared to the best-performing existing method. The codes are available at https://github.com/JiayuZou2020/HFT.

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