Image Restoration Using Very Deep Convolutional Encoder-Decoder Networks with Symmetric Skip Connections

NeurIPS 2016  ·  Xiao-Jiao Mao, Chunhua Shen, Yu-Bin Yang ·

In this paper, we propose a very deep fully convolutional encoding-decoding framework for image restoration such as denoising and super-resolution. The network is composed of multiple layers of convolution and de-convolution operators, learning end-to-end mappings from corrupted images to the original ones. The convolutional layers act as the feature extractor, which capture the abstraction of image contents while eliminating noises/corruptions. De-convolutional layers are then used to recover the image details. We propose to symmetrically link convolutional and de-convolutional layers with skip-layer connections, with which the training converges much faster and attains a higher-quality local optimum. First, The skip connections allow the signal to be back-propagated to bottom layers directly, and thus tackles the problem of gradient vanishing, making training deep networks easier and achieving restoration performance gains consequently. Second, these skip connections pass image details from convolutional layers to de-convolutional layers, which is beneficial in recovering the original image. Significantly, with the large capacity, we can handle different levels of noises using a single model. Experimental results show that our network achieves better performance than all previously reported state-of-the-art methods.

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Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Result Benchmark
Image Super-Resolution BSD100 - 4x upscaling RED30 PSNR 27.40 # 38
SSIM 0.7290 # 39