Label-Efficient Point Cloud Semantic Segmentation: An Active Learning Approach

18 Jan 2021  ·  Xian Shi, Xun Xu, Ke Chen, Lile Cai, Chuan Sheng Foo, Kui Jia ·

Deep learning models are the state-of-the-art methods for semantic point cloud segmentation, the success of which relies on the availability of large-scale annotated datasets. However, it can be extremely time-consuming and prohibitively expensive to compile such datasets... In this work, we propose an active learning approach to maximize model performance given limited annotation budgets. We investigate the appropriate sample granularity for active selection under realistic annotation cost measurement (clicks), and demonstrate that super-point based selection allows for more efficient usage of the limited budget compared to point-level and instance-level selection. We further exploit local consistency constraints to boost the performance of the super-point based approach. We evaluate our methods on two benchmarking datasets (ShapeNet and S3DIS) and the results demonstrate that active learning is an effective strategy to address the high annotation costs in semantic point cloud segmentation. read more

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