Learning Body-Aware 3D Shape Generative Models

13 Dec 2021  ·  Bryce Blinn, Alexander Ding, R. Kenny Jones, Manolis Savva, Srinath Sridhar, Daniel Ritchie ·

The shape of many objects in the built environment is dictated by their relationships to the human body: how will a person interact with this object? Existing data-driven generative models of 3D shapes produce plausible objects but do not reason about the relationship of those objects to the human body. In this paper, we learn body-aware generative models of 3D shapes. Specifically, we train generative models of chairs, an ubiquitous shape category, which can be conditioned on a given body shape or sitting pose. The body-shape-conditioned models produce chairs which will be comfortable for a person with the given body shape; the pose-conditioned models produce chairs which accommodate the given sitting pose. To train these models, we define a "sitting pose matching" metric and a novel "sitting comfort" metric. Calculating these metrics requires an expensive optimization to sit the body into the chair, which is too slow to be used as a loss function for training a generative model. Thus, we train neural networks to efficiently approximate these metrics. We use our approach to train three body-aware generative shape models: a structured part-based generator, a point cloud generator, and an implicit surface generator. In all cases, our approach produces models which adapt their output chair shapes to input human body specifications.

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