Exploring Data Augmentation for Multi-Modality 3D Object Detection

23 Dec 2020  ·  Wenwei Zhang, Zhe Wang, Chen Change Loy ·

It is counter-intuitive that multi-modality methods based on point cloud and images perform only marginally better or sometimes worse than approaches that solely use point cloud. This paper investigates the reason behind this phenomenon... Due to the fact that multi-modality data augmentation must maintain consistency between point cloud and images, recent methods in this field typically use relatively insufficient data augmentation. This shortage makes their performance under expectation. Therefore, we contribute a pipeline, named transformation flow, to bridge the gap between single and multi-modality data augmentation with transformation reversing and replaying. In addition, considering occlusions, a point in different modalities may be occupied by different objects, making augmentations such as cut and paste non-trivial for multi-modality detection. We further present Multi-mOdality Cut and pAste (MoCa), which simultaneously considers occlusion and physical plausibility to maintain the multi-modality consistency. Without using ensemble of detectors, our multi-modality detector achieves new state-of-the-art performance on nuScenes dataset and competitive performance on KITTI 3D benchmark. Our method also wins the best PKL award in the 3rd nuScenes detection challenge. Code and models will be released at https://github.com/open-mmlab/mmdetection3d. read more

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