Slide-SAM: Medical SAM Meets Sliding Window

16 Nov 2023  ·  Quan Quan, Fenghe Tang, Zikang Xu, Heqin Zhu, S. Kevin Zhou ·

The Segment Anything Model (SAM) has achieved a notable success in two-dimensional image segmentation in natural images. However, the substantial gap between medical and natural images hinders its direct application to medical image segmentation tasks. Particularly in 3D medical images, SAM struggles to learn contextual relationships between slices, limiting its practical applicability. Moreover, applying 2D SAM to 3D images requires prompting the entire volume, which is time- and label-consuming. To address these problems, we propose Slide-SAM, which treats a stack of three adjacent slices as a prediction window. It firstly takes three slices from a 3D volume and point- or bounding box prompts on the central slice as inputs to predict segmentation masks for all three slices. Subsequently, the masks of the top and bottom slices are then used to generate new prompts for adjacent slices. Finally, step-wise prediction can be achieved by sliding the prediction window forward or backward through the entire volume. Our model is trained on multiple public and private medical datasets and demonstrates its effectiveness through extensive 3D segmetnation experiments, with the help of minimal prompts. Code is available at \url{}.

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