The automatic mapping of Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) reports from user-generated content to concepts in a controlled medical vocabulary provides valuable insights for monitoring public health.
Machine learning (ML) practitioners and organizations are building model zoos of pre-trained models, containing metadata describing properties of the ML models and datasets that are useful for reporting, auditing, reproducibility, and interpretability purposes.
We, therefore, contribute to current ML auditing practices with an assessment framework that visualizes closeness and tensions between values and we give guidelines on how to operationalize them, while opening up the evaluation and deliberation process to a wide range of stakeholders.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is increasingly used to analyze large amounts of data in various practices, such as object recognition.
To better understand the mechanisms underlying SEME, we present a pre-registered, 5 × 3 factorial user study investigating whether order effects (i. e., users adopting the viewpoint pertaining to higher-ranked documents) can cause SEME.
Hybrid crowd-machine classifiers can achieve superior performance by combining the cost-effectiveness of automatic classification with the accuracy of human judgment.
In this paper, we explore how to efficiently combine crowdsourcing and machine intelligence for the problem of document screening, where we need to screen documents with a set of machine-learning filters.
The way pages are ranked in search results influences whether the users of search engines are exposed to more homogeneous, or rather to more diverse viewpoints.
Despite the high interest for Machine Learning (ML) in academia and industry, many issues related to the application of ML to real-life problems are yet to be addressed.
Machine Learning (ML) is increasingly applied in real-life scenarios, raising concerns about bias in automatic decision making.
In the scope of this work, our proposed pipeline is applied to two referendum scenarios (independence of Catalonia in Spain and autonomy of Lombardy in Italy) in order to assess the performance of the approach with respect to the capability of collecting correct insights on the demographics of social media users and of predicting the poll results based on the opinions shared by the users.
Social and Information Networks Computers and Society
In particular, we propose a novel attention scheme to learn the attention scores of user and item history in an interacting way, thus to account for the dependencies between user and item dynamics in shaping user-item interactions.