Explore-And-Match: Bridging Proposal-Based and Proposal-Free With Transformer for Sentence Grounding in Videos

25 Jan 2022  ·  Sangmin Woo, Jinyoung Park, Inyong Koo, Sumin Lee, Minki Jeong, Changick Kim ·

Natural Language Video Grounding (NLVG) aims to localize time segments in an untrimmed video according to sentence queries. In this work, we present a new paradigm named Explore-And-Match for NLVG that seamlessly unifies the strengths of two streams of NLVG methods: proposal-free and proposal-based; the former explores the search space to find time segments directly, and the latter matches the predefined time segments with ground truths. To achieve this, we formulate NLVG as a set prediction problem and design an end-to-end trainable Language Video Transformer (LVTR) that can enjoy two favorable properties, which are rich contextualization power and parallel decoding. We train LVTR with two losses. First, temporal localization loss allows time segments of all queries to regress targets (explore). Second, set guidance loss couples every query with their respective target (match). To our surprise, we found that training schedule shows divide-and-conquer-like pattern: time segments are first diversified regardless of the target, then coupled with each target, and fine-tuned to the target again. Moreover, LVTR is highly efficient and effective: it infers faster than previous baselines (by 2X or more) and sets competitive results on two NLVG benchmarks (ActivityCaptions and Charades-STA). Codes are available at https://github.com/sangminwoo/Explore-And-Match.

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