Poly-YOLO: higher speed, more precise detection and instance segmentation for YOLOv3

27 May 2020  ·  Petr Hurtik, Vojtech Molek, Jan Hula, Marek Vajgl, Pavel Vlasanek, Tomas Nejezchleba ·

We present a new version of YOLO with better performance and extended with instance segmentation called Poly-YOLO. Poly-YOLO builds on the original ideas of YOLOv3 and removes two of its weaknesses: a large amount of rewritten labels and inefficient distribution of anchors. Poly-YOLO reduces the issues by aggregating features from a light SE-Darknet-53 backbone with a hypercolumn technique, using stairstep upsampling, and produces a single scale output with high resolution. In comparison with YOLOv3, Poly-YOLO has only 60% of its trainable parameters but improves mAP by a relative 40%. We also present Poly-YOLO lite with fewer parameters and a lower output resolution. It has the same precision as YOLOv3, but it is three times smaller and twice as fast, thus suitable for embedded devices. Finally, Poly-YOLO performs instance segmentation using bounding polygons. The network is trained to detect size-independent polygons defined on a polar grid. Vertices of each polygon are being predicted with their confidence, and therefore Poly-YOLO produces polygons with a varying number of vertices.

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