The Universal Dependencies (UD) project seeks to develop cross-linguistically consistent treebank annotation of morphology and syntax for multiple languages. The first version of the dataset was released in 2015 and consisted of 10 treebanks over 10 languages. Version 2.7 released in 2020 consists of 183 treebanks over 104 languages. The annotation consists of UPOS (universal part-of-speech tags), XPOS (language-specific part-of-speech tags), Feats (universal morphological features), Lemmas, dependency heads and universal dependency labels.
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This corpus comprises of monolingual data for 100+ languages and also includes data for romanized languages. This was constructed using the urls and paragraph indices provided by the CC-Net repository by processing January-December 2018 Commoncrawl snapshots. Each file comprises of documents separated by double-newlines and paragraphs within the same document separated by a newline. The data is generated using the open source CC-Net repository.
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OSCAR or Open Super-large Crawled ALMAnaCH coRpus is a huge multilingual corpus obtained by language classification and filtering of the Common Crawl corpus using the goclassy architecture. The dataset used for training multilingual models such as BART incorporates 138 GB of text.
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WikiAnn is a dataset for cross-lingual name tagging and linking based on Wikipedia articles in 295 languages.
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Belebele is a multiple-choice machine reading comprehension (MRC) dataset spanning 122 language variants. This dataset enables the evaluation of mono- and multi-lingual models in high-, medium-, and low-resource languages. Each question has four multiple-choice answers and is linked to a short passage from the FLORES-200 dataset. The human annotation procedure was carefully curated to create questions that discriminate between different levels of generalizable language comprehension and is reinforced by extensive quality checks. While all questions directly relate to the passage, the English dataset on its own proves difficult enough to challenge state-of-the-art language models. Being fully parallel, this dataset enables direct comparison of model performance across all languages. Belebele opens up new avenues for evaluating and analyzing the multilingual abilities of language models and NLP systems.
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We present the development of a Named Entity Recognition (NER) dataset for Tagalog. This corpus helps fill the resource gap present in Philippine languages today, where NER resources are scarce. The texts were obtained from a pretraining corpora containing news reports, and were labeled by native speakers in an iterative fashion. The resulting dataset contains ~7.8k documents across three entity types: Person, Organization, and Location. The inter-annotator agreement, as measured by Cohen's κ, is 0.81. We also conducted extensive empirical evaluation of state-of-the-art methods across supervised and transfer learning settings. Finally, we released the data and processing code publicly to inspire future work on Tagalog NLP.
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UNER v1 adds an NER annotation layer to 18 datasets (primarily treebanks from UD) and covers 12 geneologically and ty- pologically diverse languages: Cebuano, Danish, German, English, Croatian, Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Serbian, Swedish, Tagalog, and Chinese4. Overall, UNER v1 contains nine full datasets with training, development, and test splits over eight languages, three evaluation sets for lower-resource languages (TL and CEB), and a parallel evaluation benchmark spanning six languages.
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WEATHub is a dataset containing 24 languages. It contains words organized into groups of (target1, target2, attribute1, attribute2) to measure the association target1:target2 :: attribute1:attribute2. For example target1 can be insects, target2 can be flowers. And we might be trying to measure whether we find insects or flowers pleasant or unpleasant. The measurement of word associations is quantified using the WEAT metric in our paper. It is a metric that calculates an effect size (Cohen's d) and also provides a p-value (to measure statistical significance of the results). In our paper, we use word embeddings from language models to perform these tests and understand biased associations in language models across different languages.
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