GCNDepth: Self-supervised Monocular Depth Estimation based on Graph Convolutional Network

13 Dec 2021  ·  Armin Masoumian, Hatem A. Rashwan, Saddam Abdulwahab, Julian Cristiano, Domenec Puig ·

Depth estimation is a challenging task of 3D reconstruction to enhance the accuracy sensing of environment awareness. This work brings a new solution with a set of improvements, which increase the quantitative and qualitative understanding of depth maps compared to existing methods. Recently, a convolutional neural network (CNN) has demonstrated its extraordinary ability in estimating depth maps from monocular videos. However, traditional CNN does not support topological structure and they can work only on regular image regions with determined size and weights. On the other hand, graph convolutional networks (GCN) can handle the convolution on non-Euclidean data and it can be applied to irregular image regions within a topological structure. Therefore, in this work in order to preserve object geometric appearances and distributions, we aim at exploiting GCN for a self-supervised depth estimation model. Our model consists of two parallel auto-encoder networks: the first is an auto-encoder that will depend on ResNet-50 and extract the feature from the input image and on multi-scale GCN to estimate the depth map. In turn, the second network will be used to estimate the ego-motion vector (i.e., 3D pose) between two consecutive frames based on ResNet-18. Both the estimated 3D pose and depth map will be used for constructing a target image. A combination of loss functions related to photometric, projection, and smoothness is used to cope with bad depth prediction and preserve the discontinuities of the objects. In particular, our method provided comparable and promising results with a high prediction accuracy of 89% on the publicly KITTI and Make3D datasets along with a reduction of 40% in the number of trainable parameters compared to the state of the art solutions. The source code is publicly available at https://github.com/ArminMasoumian/GCNDepth.git

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Results from the Paper

Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Result Benchmark
Monocular Depth Estimation KITTI GCNDepth absolute relative error 0.104 # 2
Monocular Depth Estimation KITTI Eigen split GCNDepth absolute relative error 0.104 # 39
RMSE 4.494 # 28
RMSE log 0.181 # 24
Delta < 1.25 0.888 # 25
Delta < 1.25^2 0.965 # 25
Delta < 1.25^3 0.984 # 25
Monocular Depth Estimation KITTI Eigen split unsupervised GCNDepth absolute relative error 0.104 # 19
RMSE 4.494 # 18
Sq Rel 0.720 # 16
RMSE log 0.181 # 14
Monocular Depth Estimation Make3D GCNDepth Abs Rel 0.424 # 1
Sq Rel 3.075 # 3
RMSE 6.757 # 3