Parotid Gland MRI Segmentation Based on Swin-Unet and Multimodal Images

7 Jun 2022  ·  Zi'an Xu, Yin Dai, Fayu Liu, Siqi Li, Sheng Liu, Lifu Shi, Jun Fu ·

Background and objective: Parotid gland tumors account for approximately 2% to 10% of head and neck tumors. Preoperative tumor localization, differential diagnosis, and subsequent selection of appropriate treatment for parotid gland tumors are critical. However, the relative rarity of these tumors and the highly dispersed tissue types have left an unmet need for a subtle differential diagnosis of such neoplastic lesions based on preoperative radiomics. Recently, deep learning methods have developed rapidly, especially Transformer beats the traditional convolutional neural network in computer vision. Many new Transformer-based networks have been proposed for computer vision tasks. Methods: In this study, multicenter multimodal parotid gland MR images were collected. The Swin-Unet which was based on Transformer was used. MR images of short time inversion recovery, T1-weighted and T2-weighted modalities were combined into three-channel data to train the network. We achieved segmentation of the region of interest for parotid gland and tumor. Results: The Dice-Similarity Coefficient of the model on the test set was 88.63%, Mean Pixel Accuracy was 99.31%, Mean Intersection over Union was 83.99%, and Hausdorff Distance was 3.04. Then a series of comparison experiments were designed in this paper to further validate the segmentation performance of the algorithm. Conclusions: Experimental results showed that our method has good results for parotid gland and tumor segmentation. The Transformer-based network outperforms the traditional convolutional neural network in the field of medical images.

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