Unfolding Once is Enough: A Deployment-Friendly Transformer Unit for Super-Resolution

5 Aug 2023  ·  Yong liu, Hang Dong, Boyang Liang, Songwei Liu, Qingji Dong, Kai Chen, Fangmin Chen, Lean Fu, Fei Wang ·

Recent years have witnessed a few attempts of vision transformers for single image super-resolution (SISR). Since the high resolution of intermediate features in SISR models increases memory and computational requirements, efficient SISR transformers are more favored. Based on some popular transformer backbone, many methods have explored reasonable schemes to reduce the computational complexity of the self-attention module while achieving impressive performance. However, these methods only focus on the performance on the training platform (e.g., Pytorch/Tensorflow) without further optimization for the deployment platform (e.g., TensorRT). Therefore, they inevitably contain some redundant operators, posing challenges for subsequent deployment in real-world applications. In this paper, we propose a deployment-friendly transformer unit, namely UFONE (i.e., UnFolding ONce is Enough), to alleviate these problems. In each UFONE, we introduce an Inner-patch Transformer Layer (ITL) to efficiently reconstruct the local structural information from patches and a Spatial-Aware Layer (SAL) to exploit the long-range dependencies between patches. Based on UFONE, we propose a Deployment-friendly Inner-patch Transformer Network (DITN) for the SISR task, which can achieve favorable performance with low latency and memory usage on both training and deployment platforms. Furthermore, to further boost the deployment efficiency of the proposed DITN on TensorRT, we also provide an efficient substitution for layer normalization and propose a fusion optimization strategy for specific operators. Extensive experiments show that our models can achieve competitive results in terms of qualitative and quantitative performance with high deployment efficiency. Code is available at \url{https://github.com/yongliuy/DITN}.

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