Language as Queries for Referring Video Object Segmentation

CVPR 2022  ·  Jiannan Wu, Yi Jiang, Peize Sun, Zehuan Yuan, Ping Luo ·

Referring video object segmentation (R-VOS) is an emerging cross-modal task that aims to segment the target object referred by a language expression in all video frames. In this work, we propose a simple and unified framework built upon Transformer, termed ReferFormer. It views the language as queries and directly attends to the most relevant regions in the video frames. Concretely, we introduce a small set of object queries conditioned on the language as the input to the Transformer. In this manner, all the queries are obligated to find the referred objects only. They are eventually transformed into dynamic kernels which capture the crucial object-level information, and play the role of convolution filters to generate the segmentation masks from feature maps. The object tracking is achieved naturally by linking the corresponding queries across frames. This mechanism greatly simplifies the pipeline and the end-to-end framework is significantly different from the previous methods. Extensive experiments on Ref-Youtube-VOS, Ref-DAVIS17, A2D-Sentences and JHMDB-Sentences show the effectiveness of ReferFormer. On Ref-Youtube-VOS, Refer-Former achieves 55.6J&F with a ResNet-50 backbone without bells and whistles, which exceeds the previous state-of-the-art performance by 8.4 points. In addition, with the strong Swin-Large backbone, ReferFormer achieves the best J&F of 64.2 among all existing methods. Moreover, we show the impressive results of 55.0 mAP and 43.7 mAP on A2D-Sentences andJHMDB-Sentences respectively, which significantly outperforms the previous methods by a large margin. Code is publicly available at

PDF Abstract CVPR 2022 PDF CVPR 2022 Abstract

Results from the Paper

Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Uses Extra
Training Data
Result Benchmark
Referring Expression Segmentation A2D Sentences ReferFormer (Video-Swin-B) Precision@0.5 0.831 # 3
Precision@0.9 0.212 # 3
IoU overall 0.786 # 3
IoU mean 0.703 # 3
Precision@0.6 0.804 # 3
Precision@0.7 0.741 # 3
Precision@0.8 0.579 # 3
AP 0.550 # 3
Referring Expression Segmentation DAVIS 2017 (val) ReferFormer J&F 1st frame 61.1 # 5
Referring Video Object Segmentation MeViS ReferFormer J&F 31.0 # 4
J 29.8 # 4
F 32.2 # 4
Referring Video Object Segmentation Refer-YouTube-VOS ReferFormer (Large) J&F 62.9 # 8
J 61.3 # 8
F 64.6 # 8
Referring Expression Segmentation Refer-YouTube-VOS (2021 public validation) ReferFormer (ResNet-50) J&F 55.6 # 20
J 54.8 # 18
F 56.6 # 19
Referring Expression Segmentation Refer-YouTube-VOS (2021 public validation) ReferFormer (ResNet-101) J&F 57.3 # 18
J 56.1 # 17
F 58.4 # 17